Entries by Peter Minorsky

Drought-Responsive Novel MicroRNAs in Grapevine

European grapevines (Vitis vinifera) are routinely grafted on interspecific hybrid rootstocks mainly to control infestation by phylloxera (Daktulosphaira vitifoliae). Research has shown, however, that these rootstocks can also affect scion growth vigor and resistance to abiotic stresses such as drought. Thus, rootstock management may be a promising tool to enhance the resilience of grapevine to […]

Unusual Rubisco Subunit Found in Trichomes

Rubisco is responsible for CO2 fixation during photosynthesis. This enzyme is assembled from eight large subunits (RbcL), encoded by a single chloroplast gene, and eight small subunits (RbcS), encoded by a nuclear gene family. Although Rubisco’s catalytic reaction is mostly controlled by the large subunit, the small subunit also positively influences the reaction. In vascular […]

Genome-Wide Analysis of Temperature-Induced Fatty Acid Desaturation

Biogeographic studies suggest that the degree of fatty acid unsaturation in oilseeds has played a major role in adapting plants to temperature. The enzymes that are primarily responsible for producing polyunsaturated fatty acids in seed oils are the microsomal ω-6 and ω-3 fatty acid desaturases FAD2 and FAD3, which act in sequence to convert oleic […]

Sites of Water Evaporation from within Leaves

Current available evidence suggests that the location of the sites of evaporation is important for many questions across plant physiology, including patterns of leaf isotopic enrichment, maintenance of mesophyll water status, stomatal regulation, and interpretation of measured stomatal and leaf hydraulic conductances. To resolve these questions, Buckley et al. (pp. 1763–1782) argue that models must […]

Insights into Calmodulin-Interacting Proteins

Calmodulin (CaM) and closely related CaM-like polypeptides are principal sensors of Ca2+ signals. The plant-specific IQ67 DOMAIN (IQD) family has emerged as possibly the largest class of CaM-interacting proteins with undefined molecular functions and biological roles. Bürstenbinder et al. (Plant Physiol. 173: 1692–1708) show that the 33 members of the IQD family in Arabidopsis differentially […]

A Salivary Effector Aids in Brown Planthopper Feeding on Rice Plants

Herbivory-induced plant cell wall modifications play an important role in deterring herbivory. Modified cell walls not only act as physical defenses against herbivores by enhancing the mechanical hardness of plant tissues but also reduce the digestibility of food for herbivores, thereby functioning as the first layer of defense against herbivores. In response, herbivores have evolved […]

Heteroblastic Development of Transfer Cells: A Role for MicroRNA

Transfer cells (TCs) play critical roles in membrane transport of solutes at various sites within plants and between plants and their environment. This transport capacity is conferred by inward wall protuberances that extend into the cell lumen. These ingrowths function to enhance the area of surrounding plasma membrane, therefore increasing surface-to-volume ratio of the TC […]

Toward Designing Tulips for a Warmer World

Most cultivated tulips (Tulipa gesneriana) are produced in The Netherlands, which has a temperate climate resembling the Central Asian climate in which they originated. The growth cycle of cultivated tulips starts in autumn, when the bulbs are planted in the field. At that time, all organs, including the flower, are already present inside the bulb. […]