Review: Biotechnology and synthetic biology approaches for metabolic engineering of bioenergy crops

shihShih et al. review how the many and diverse tools of plant synthetic biology can be applied towards bioenergy crops, focusing on traits related to lignocellulose, oil, and soluble sugars. Tools include those that edit genes, those that alter protein activities, and those that enable gene stacking in crop plants. Examples of successful manipulation of various metabolic pathways in bioenergy crops are provided, and areas where further tools and research are needed are highlighted. Plant J. 10.1111/tpj.13176