Entries by Reza Hammond

The Protein Phosphatase 4 Complex Functions in miRNA Biogenesis in Arabidopsis

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short (typically 21–22 nucleotide), single-stranded noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression, mainly via posttranscriptional gene silencing. The miRNA biogenesis pathway is complex, involving numerous proteins, and is highly conserved in plants. If this pathway is hampered, miRNA accumulation is reduced or miRNA targets cannot be properly suppressed. Arabidopsis thaliana mutants in essential […]

HOS15 Co-regulates Photoperiodic Flowering with the Evening Complex via Transcriptional Repression of GIGANTEA

When animals are stressed by unfavorable environmental conditions, they will typically move to a more favorable location to reduce that stress. Unfortunately for plants, they are quite literally rooted to the ground and thus must manage the stress where they stand. In order to deal with adverse environmental conditions, plants evolved numerous molecular and genetic […]