Entries by Min May Wong

Exo70B2 functions as a exocyst subunit in secretion linked to immunity and autophagy (Plant Cell)

The exocyst is a conserved protein complex that mediates tethering of secretory vesicle to the plasma membrane prior to SNARE-mediated membrane fusion. Exo70 is one of eight subunits and has expanded into 23 homologs in Arabidopsis. Brillada and Teh et al. identified Exo70B2 as a bona fide exocyst subunit that localize to the plasma membrane […]

SAURs protein antagonistically regulate a phosphatase activity during apical hook development and cotyledon opening (Plant Cell)

Upon germination in dark, plants adopt a strategy known as skotomorphogenesis, or etiolation, to protect the shoot apical meristem and cotyledon from damage while the seedling moves through the soil. The seedlings de-etiolate when they perceive light and the apical hook and cotyledon open. Wang et al. identified the Small Auxin Up RNA proteins SAUR17 […]

Cell wall remodeling and vesicle trafficking mediate the root clock in Arabidopsis (Science)

Cell wall remodeling and vesicle trafficking mediate the root clock in Arabidopsis Living organisms use biological clocks that are coordinated by temporal signals (time) and positional cues (space) during growth and development. In plants, the ‘root clock’ is generated by a mechanism involving rhythmic gene expression in a region called the oscillation zone (the border […]

Alternative CAM and water-saving flux modes into C3 leaf metabolic model (Plant Cell)

Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) is a photosynthetic adaptation pathway in arid environments to minimize water loss by opening the stomata at night, when the temperature and therefore water loss due to transpiration is lower. Carbon dioxide is initially fixed at night and stored in the vacuole. Engineering CAM photosynthesis into a C3 crop plant is […]

Functionally overlapping but molecularly distinct TGN subdomains of two Epsin-like proteins (PNAS)

The trans-Golgi networks (TGN) is a major protein sorting station involved in trafficking or recycling of endosomal materials. This busiest hub in the cell has at least four important pathways including the anterograde routes of secretory, recycling, vacuolar transport and retrograde endocytic pathways. At molecular level, it remains unclear how sorting of cargo and distribution […]

Multi-omics analyses of wild tomato introgression lines reveal a set of gene expression-metabolite-pathogen sensitivity interactions (Nat. Genet.)

Domesticated tomato has been subjected to human selection to satisfy marketing and economic desires, leading to a loss of genetic diversity and elimination of fruits traits such as flavor, aroma and pathogen resistance. Introgression lines (ILs) that capture the genome of wild desert-adapted tomato Solanum pennellii in the background of cultivated tomato, S. lycopersicum, provide […]

A cross-kingdom conserved ER-phagy receptor maintains ER homeostasis during stress (eLIFE)

Quality control of the protein folding mechanism in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), which selectively eliminates or recycles unwanted cytoplasmic components, is recognized by specific autophagy receptors. Selective removal of certain ER domains by the autophagy pathway (termed as ER-phagy) is controlled by these receptors that recruit specific cargo through interaction with the Autophagy-related protein 8 […]

The transcription factor bZIP60 modulates the heat shock response in maize (Plant Cell)

During heat stress, heat shock transcription factors upregulate heat shock protein genes and give rise to the heat shock response (HSR) that occurs in the cytoplasm, while in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), the unfolded protein response (UPR) is also activated during heat stress. Both HSR and UPR cause the accumulation of misfolded proteins, a condition […]

A protoxylem-specific NAC transcription factor modulates heat and drought stress in maize (PNAS)

Excessive heat and water deficit coincide with flowering and result in developmental defeats such as male floral organs browning, infertile pollen, and failure in fertilization: a syndrome known as “tassel blasting” in maize. The genetic pathway underlying tassel blasting is not well characterized. Dong et al. report the tissue-specific NAC transcription factor, Necrotic Upper Tips1 […]