Recent Posts

BSL family members are employed by pathogen as “moles” in S. tuberosum (Plant Physiol)

To secure food availability for the world population, plant scientists study the interactions between crop species and pathogens. Plants have robust defense strategies that they employ when attacked. On the other hand, microbes have multiple strategies to manipulate host functions to suppress these defenses…

Dual regulation of Arabidopsis AGO2 by arginine methylation (Nature Comms)

Plants have natural mechanisms against pathogen infections. Post-translational modifications (PTMs) on key proteins involved in RNAi pathways are needed to control these immune responses. Argonaute (AGO) proteins are targets of PTMs to direct the silencing of genes. Here, Hu et al. identified the role…

The volatile indole primes rice defense against caterpillar attack (Plant Cell)

Herbivore-induced volatiles have been shown to prime plant defense response in multiple species. A new study by Ye et al. unveils some of the early signaling events in volatile-mediated defense priming in rice. The authors show that rice plants release increased amounts of the volatile indole when attacked…

ERF19 buffers Arabidopsis pattern-triggered immunity (J Exp Bot)

To fight off invading pathogens, higher plants such as Arabidopsis are intrinsically programmed with a subset of defense responses known as pattern-triggered immunity (PTI). However, excessive defense responses may hamper plant’s normal growth, so fine-tuning PTI is important for plant survival. Recently,…

Chloroplasts navigate towards the pathogen interface to counteract Phytophthora infection (bioRxiv)

Chloroplasts have diverse roles in plant defense, including contributing to the production of defense compounds. Toufexi, Duggan et al. show new data indicating the dynamic relocation of chloroplasts to the contact point of the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora infestans. Infection also causes an increase…

The mechanism by which MYC2 regulates the termination of jasmonic acid signaling

Source: Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology Published: 2019-01-11. Translated from the original. As an important plant hormone, jasmonic acid regulates plant defense responses and adaptive growth. When the plant is exposed to pests or other stresses, the active jasmonic…

Master MYCs: MYC2, the jasmonate signaling ‘master switch’

To optimize their fitness in the field, plants need to respond rapidly, specifically and dynamically to an ever-changing and often hostile environment. By integrating external environmental cues with endogenous developmental programs, phytohormones play a critical role in the cross-talk between signal…

A Golgi-released subpopulation of the trans-Golgi network mediates protein secretion in Arabidopsis ($)

The plant trans-Golgi network (TGN) plays the role of early endosomes and acts as hub for the both secretory and vacuolar trafficking pathways. Two types of TGN, GA-TGN (Golgi-associated TGN) and GI-TGN (Golgi-released independent TGN), have been observed in plants. Here, Uemura et al. explore the cellular…

Mechanism of rice blast fungus recognition revealed

Rice is an important food crop in China, but the damage of rice blast fungus is an important factor affecting the high and stable yield of rice. Liu Jun's research group of the Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences found in the previous study that when rice blast fungus infects rice,…