Recent Posts

Heat Trims the Fat: HIL1 Functions in Lipid Homeostasis

Global climate change is one of the most pressing issues facing our world today. The impact of increasing temperatures can be felt in diverse areas, including human health and disease, natural ecosystems, and food security. In the agricultural sector, deciphering how plants respond to changing environmental…

Diffusion of CO2 across the mesophyll-bundle sheath cell interface in a C4 plant with genetically reduced PEP carboxylase activity (Plant Physiol.)

C4 photosynthesis relies on the transport of carbon (in the form of C4 acids) from the mesophyll into bundle sheath cells (BSCs).  Subsequent decarboxylation of these C4 acids generates a high concentration of CO2 in the vicinity of Rubisco, helping to improve the catalytic efficiency of this enzyme. …

Assembling a Nanomolecular Power Station

The ATP synthase complex of chloroplasts is an elegant example of the union of structure and function at the molecular level (Junge and Nelson, 2015). This enzyme complex consists of an integral membrane CFo component that transports protons and an extrinsic CF1 component that synthesizes ATP (Hahn et…

Review: Applying synthetic biology and genetic engineering to photosynthesis

Photosynthesis is a complex process that has the potential to be greatly improved through human modifications. However, these modifications have been limited by two main factors: the high degree of conservation of the components, and the multiprotein complexes that require specifically modified proteins…

Etioplasts: The Role of Digalactosyldiacylglycerol

In dark-grown plants, the plastids of cotyledon cells develop as etioplasts. Etioplasts contain unique internal lattice membrane structures called prolamellar bodies (PLBs) and lamellar prothylakoids (PTs). PLBs accumulate protochlorophyllide (Pchlide), a chlorophyll intermediate, in a complex with NADPH…

Regulation of Photosynthesis: Shedding Light on Protein Acetylation

Koskela and Brünje et al. identified a chloroplast protein acetyltransferase, which is required for the regulation of light harvesting in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell (2018) https://doi.org/10.1105/tpc.18.00155. by Minna M. Koskela, Annika Brünje, Iris Finkemeier, Paula Mulo   Background: Plants…

New discovery on photosynthesis discovered

9:07:18 | Editor: Marc Platthaus From Neue Erkenntnis zur Fotosynthese entdeckt Translated by Google. The conversion of carbon dioxide and sunlight into energy (or biomass) and oxygen: hardly any process is as crucial to life on earth as photosynthesis. Although the process has been studied extensively…

A New Player In Plant Respose to Far-red Light

Zhang et al. discover a protein that interacts with the photoreceptor phyA and plays a role in plant response to far-red light. Plant Cell https://doi.org/10.1105/tpc.17.00677  By Shaoman Zhang, Cong Li and Jigang Li Background:  Far-red (FR) light, corresponding to 700- to 750- nm wavelengths…

Biogenesis of thylakoid assembly in 3D

During seedling greening, chloroplasts are formed from proplastids. Liang and Zhu et al. used a combination of 3D electron tomography of cryo-fixed Arabidopsis cotyledons at various times after illumination to track their development. The fine structure images, accompanied by transcriptomic analysis…