Entries by Nanxun Qin

Synthetic biogenesis of chromoplasts from leaf chloroplasts (bioRxiv)

Chromoplasts are a type of plastid, usually found in fruits and flowers, that can accumulate large amounts of carotenoids including beta-carotene (pro-vitamin A). It has been proposed that increasing chromoplast formation could be a way to enhance human consumption of vitamin A. In a new report, Llorente et al. show that they have promoted chloroplast-to-chromoplast […]

Gene-editing in somatic cells can be achieved by spray-on of carbon dots (bioRxiv)

It’s known to all that plant biotechnology can enhance food security, but there are also inevitable disadvantages of these new approaches. At present, introducing DNA into a plant genome is slow and expensive. Recently, Doyle et al. developed a new method which claims to be simple, inexpensive, fast, and versatile in plant species. They mixed […]

Viewpoint: The Poisonous Pollens, why do they exist? (New Phytol)

Besides being the carrier of male gametes in plants, pollen cells also unexpectedly contained some toxic properties that are collectively called “Pollen Defensive Compounds”. This raises the question: what is the evolutionary significance of these toxic compounds? In this Viewpoint by Rivest and Forrest, three hypotheses are presented, particularly as they pertain to the role […]

A single amino-acid substitution impairs PTI and ETI in an SA-dependent manner in rice ($) (Plant Physiol)

Plants possess two immune strategies to prevent invasion by pathogens called pattern-triggered immunity (PTI, typically mediated by cell-surface receptors) and effector-triggered immunity (ETI). During ETI, intracellular resistance (R) proteins perceive specific pathogen effectors. Tang et al. describe a gain-of-function rice R gene mutant designated as weaker defense (wed), in which disease resistance conferred by both […]

The N-terminus of AtMSL10 interacts with its own C- terminus (bioRxiv)

Plants are equipped with multiple mechanosensitive (MS) ion channels that respond to external and internal mechanical perturbations. When one of these, AtMSL10, is overexpressed it leads to a cell death phenotype, although there is no discernible phenotype associated with its loss of function. Recently Basu et al. demonstrated a novel activation mechanism of AtMSL10 when […]

ABA receptor abundance, thus ABA sensitivity, is regulated by ALIX ($) (Plant Cell)

To balance water loss and CO2 assimilation, stomatal aperture is tightly controlled in accordance with environmental changes, mediated by ABA signaling. Here, García-León et al. found that ABA sensitivity and stomatal aperture are regulated by the trafficking and vacuolar degradation of ABA receptors (PYLs). This turnover is regulated by an ESCART-III-associated protein ALIX, which is […]

Glyphosate-based herbicide effectiveness can be maximized by considering plant circadian rhythms (Nature Comms)

Plants’ internal circadian clocks regulate the timing of many physiological and developmental processes. This circadian clock also controls plant sensitivity to the herbicide glyphosate, which is maximally effective at dawn. Here, Belbin et al. showed that the minimum effective dose varies with time of day, and that Arabidopsis plants with abnormalities in their clock showed […]