Entries by Tatsuya Nobori

A plant kinase exploited by a bacterial effector (bioRxiv)

Pathogens have evolved a suite of effector proteins that are secreted into plants and aid successful colonization. AvrPtoB is a well-conserved effector of pathogenic Pseudomonas syringae strains that targets multiple plant defense-related proteins and is required for pathogen virulence and bacterial growth in plants. Phosphorylation of AvrPtoB in plants is important for its virulence functions, but the […]

A molecular link between photoreceptors and jasmonates (Nature Plants)

Plants balance their efforts on growth and defense depending on the situation. Competitive conditions signaled by the low ratios of red (R) to far-red (FR) light suppress defense responses mediated by the plant hormone jasmonate (JA), presumably for allocating more resources to promote plant growth. Fernández-Milmanda et al. identified the sulfotransferase ST2a as a missing […]

Heat tolerance regulated by an ancient jasmonate signaling pathway (Curr. Biol)

Jasmonate responses are regulated not only by the well-studied pair of the bioactive hormone jasmonoyl-isoleucine (JA-Ile) and the receptor COI1, but also the cyclopentenone OPDA and the JA-Ile precursor dn-OPDA can activate jasmonate signaling. However, the OPDA/dn-OPDA signaling and their physiological roles are not fully understood. To dissect the COI1-independent OPDA/dn-OPDA responses, Monte, Kneeshaw, et […]

Hybrid autoimmunity and a plant resistosome complex ($) (Cell Host Microbe)

Hybrid necrosis occurs when the progeny of a cross between two different plants show widespread cell death. It can be caused by autoactivation of nucleotide-binding and leucine rich repeat domain (NLR) proteins, intracellular immune receptors that play a central role in plant resistance to diverse pathogens. Li et al. showed that hybrid necrosis in the […]

The pan-genome effector-triggered immunity landscape (Science)

Successful plant pathogens produce a suite of small molecules called effectors that are injected into plant cells and perturb plant defense. As a counter defense, plants have evolved intracellular receptors (called NLRs; nucleotide-binding domain leucine-rich repeat) that detect specific effectors and mount strong effector-triggered immunity (ETI). Compared with an immense diversity of bacteria and their […]

Damage-gated immune responses to microbes (Cell)

Plants are surrounded by diverse microbes and must avoid mounting an immune response against innocuous microbes, while properly activating defense against invading pathogens. As the initial plant-microbe contacts happen in a limited number of cells, understanding spatially-resolved plant immune responses at the single cell level is important. Zhou et al. used highly sensitive markers to […]