1029 Articles | Page 1 of 86

 

Jasmonic acid and salicylic acid signaling in fern Azolla filiculoides and its cyanobiont

The phytohormones jasmonic acid (JA) and salicylic acid (SA) play key roles in how plants respond to microbes. However, this interplay between JA, SA and microbes is less understood in non-angiosperm linages. de Vries and colleagues examine JA/SA signalling between the water fern Azolla filiculoides and its nitrogen-fixing cyanobiont Nostoc azollae. They use data from […]

Ancient duons may underpin spatial patterning of gene expression in C4 leaves

C4 photosynthesis describes a biochemical CO2-concentrating mechanism that relies on the spatial separation of biochemistry between two cell types, mesophyll cells (MCs) and bundle sheath cells (BSCs). However, there is currently little evidence on how some genes are preferentially expressed in BSCs over MCs. Reyna-Llorens et al. demonstrate that two cis regulatory motifs in the […]

Ethylene signaling modulates cortical microtubule reassembly in response to salt stress

Ethylene is an important mediator during plant adaptation to salt stress. During salt stress, ethylene has been shown to promote microtubule (MT) stability and organization. Dou et al. further examine this pathway using Ag+ to block ethylene signaling in addition to using various mutants. In wildtype and ethylene overexpression mutants, adding NaCl and Ag+ hastened […]

RAF2 is a Rubisco Assembly Factor in Arabidopsis thaliana

The assembly of the carbon fixing enzyme Rubisco is a complex process and involves many chaperones including RAF1, RbcX and the chaperonins. Recent evidence pointed to the existence of another chaperone, RAF2, conserved among photosynthetic organisms. The protein has similarity to pterin-4α-carbinolamine dehydratase (PCD), although appears to lack activity in the species studied to date. […]

Review. The coming of age of EvoMPMI: evolutionary molecular plant-microbe interactions across multiple timescales

Often, a wide gap exists between evolutionary research, that is focused on theoretical approaches and organism evolution across multiple timescales, and molecular research aspiring to solve mechanistic puzzles of how particular systems work. Plant Biology is no exception to this, and much can be learnt of plant-microbe interactions by combining mechanistic research with evolutionary approaches […]

Review. Rise of a cereal killer:  The biology of Magnaporthe oryzae biotrophic growth

The fungal pathogen Magnaporthe oryzae causes one of the most destructive diseases of rice, destroying around 10-30% of rice production world-wide. The pathogen undergoes different developmental changes and produce specialized infectious structures in order to rapidly proliferate within the host cells. The detailed molecular processes of how the fungus co-ordinates this complex infection pattern is […]

Conservation of Genomic Imprinting during Wheat Polyploidization

Yang et al. discover conservation of genomic imprinting between closely related Triticum and Aegilops species. https://doi.org/10.1105/tpc.17.00837 By Guanghui Yang and Mingming Xin Background: Genomic imprinting causes genes to be differentially expressed depending on their parent-of-origin, which mainly occurs in the endosperm of plants. Researchers have identified hundreds of imprinted genes in plants by using RNA-seq […]

Combining Forces for Hypocotyl Elongation: Histone Modifications, GA, and the Circadian Clock

Zheng et al. discover proteins that mediate interactions between gibberellins and the circadian clock https://doi.org/10.1105/tpc.17.00830 By Han Zheng and Yong Ding Background: Hypocotyl elongation helps the shoot emerge from the soil surface. The gibberellin (GA) signaling protein RGA inhibits hypocotyl elongation, whereas activity of the circadian clock protein CCA1 promotes hypocotyl development. Multiple signaling pathways […]

1029 Articles | Page 1 of 86