In future years, climate change may cause significant economic losses to countries worldwide. Consequently, genetic improvement of crops fit for drought-stressed and semi-arid regions is becoming a must. In this review, Crossa et al. assess the advances in genetic selection (GS) and genomic-enabled prediction (GP) theory in comparison with the traditional phenotypic selection; and evaluate recent GP examples applied to cereal (maize and wheat, with data from the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center) and legume (chickpea, with data from the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics) breeding programs. Crossa et al. conclude that developing GP models for gene bank accessions will be important to access unexplored diversity and fast-track useful options into breeding programs. (Summary by Isabel Mendoza) Trends Plant Sci. 10.1016/j.tplants.2017.08.011
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